My research program aims to understand how higher-order cognition operates in the human brain. Higher-order cognition (also known as “meta” cognition) monitors and guides other cognitive processes such as memory, perception and decision-making. 

Higher-order cognition may be selectively impaired in disorders such as schizophrenia and Alzheimer’s disease, detrimentally impacting behavioural control, self-awareness and interactions with others. A major focus is on decomposing metacognitive processes into their constituent parts such as confidence, error monitoring and control, and understanding how these components emerge from the coordinated activity of multiple, functionally specialised brain regions. To do this we often employ carefully controlled visual psychophysics experiments. I am also interested in how higher-order cognition operates across different domains such as perception, decision-making and memory, and how these mechanisms contribute to a sense of responsibility for our actions.

We combine theoretical models with a range of behavioural and cognitive neuroscience approaches including functional and structural MRI, TMS, MEG and eye-tracking. 

I am supported by a Sir Henry Wellcome Fellowship at University of Oxford. Since 2011 I have been visiting Nathaniel Daw's lab at New York University. I am Executive Director of the ASSC, and I occasionally blog at The Elusive Self.

Please check out my research page for more details!